What is the Import General Manifest (IGM)?

What is IGM?

An Import General Manifest (IGM) is a document required by customs authorities in many countries for tracking and monitoring goods imported into the country. It contains information about all cargo on board a vessel or aircraft arriving from foreign ports. The IGM typically includes details such as the description of goods, quantity, weight, value, consignor, consignee, and other pertinent information necessary for customs clearance.

Who filed IGM?

The Import General Manifest (IGM) is typically filed by the shipping agent or the carrier responsible for transporting the goods into the country. In some cases, freight forwarders or customs brokers may also assist in preparing and filing the IGM on behalf of the shipping agent or carrier or even the importer. The entity responsible for filing the IGM ensures that all required information about the cargo being imported is accurately documented and submitted to customs authorities for clearance purposes.On the other hand, the EGM is filed when goods are loaded onto a vessel or aircraft for export. It includes details about the cargo being exported, such as the shipper, consignee, description of goods, quantity, weight, and destination. Customs authorities may use the EGM to verify the legality of exported goods and to keep track of exports for trade statistics and security purposes.

Uses of IGM:

The Import General Manifest (IGM) is used by various stakeholders involved in the importation process, including:

  1. Customs Authorities: Customs officials use the IGM to monitor and regulate the flow of goods entering the country. They rely on the information provided in the manifest to assess duties and taxes, enforce import regulations, and ensure compliance with trade laws.
  2. Shipping Agents and Carriers: Shipping agents and carriers are responsible for preparing and submitting the IGM to customs authorities. They compile information about the cargo being imported, including details such as the description of goods, quantity, weight, value, consignor, and consignee.
  3. Importers: Importers rely on the IGM to track the arrival of their goods and to ensure that all necessary documentation and customs formalities are completed for the clearance of their shipments.
  4. Freight Forwarders and Logistics Companies: Freight forwarders and logistics companies may also use the IGM to coordinate the transportation and delivery of imported goods to their final destination.

Overall, the Import General Manifest serves as a critical document for customs clearance and regulatory compliance, facilitating the smooth and efficient movement of goods through the importation process.

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